TitleLDLR Database (second edition): new additions to the database and the software, and results of the first molecular analysis.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication1998
AuthorsVarret M, Rabés JP, Thiart R, Kotze MJ, Baron H, Cenarro A, Descamps O, Ebhardt M, Hondelijn JC, Kostner GM, Miyake Y, Pocovi M, Schmidt H, Schuster H, Stuhrmann M, Yamamura T, Junien C, Béroud C, Boileau C
JournalNucleic acids research
Date Publishedjan

Mutations in the LDL receptor gene (LDLR) cause familial hypercholesterolemia (FH), a common autosomal dominant disorder. The LDLR database is a computerized tool that has been developed to provide tools to analyse the numerous mutations that have been identified in the LDLR gene. The second version of the LDLR database contains 140 new entries and the software has been modified to accommodate four new routines. The analysis of the updated data (350 mutations) gives the following informations: (i) 63% of the mutations are missense, and only 20% occur in CpG dinucleotides; (ii) although the mutations are widely distributed throughout the gene, there is an excess of mutations in exons 4 and 9, and a deficit in exons 13 and 15; (iii) the analysis of the distribution of mutations located within the ligand-binding domain shows that 74% of the mutations in this domain affect a conserved amino-acid, and that they are mostly confined in the C-terminal region of the repeats. Conversely, the same analysis in the EGF-like domain shows that 64% of the mutations in this domain affect a non-conserved amino-acid, and, that they are mostly confined in the N-terminal half of the repeats. The database is now accessible on the World Wide Web at http://www.umd.necker.fr

PubMed ID9399845